Abdominal adhesions are strands of fibrous scar tissue that cause internal organs to stick to each other or the abdominal wall. The most common cause of adhesions in the abdomen is surgery. The outside of an internal organ is typically slick, which prevents them from adhering to anything.
Abdominal surgery leaves behind scar tissue from cuts. Other damage may be done to the exterior of an organ, during surgery, from handling or being exposed to dry air. Gauze, gloves, and other materials coming in contact with the organ can also leave just enough damage behind that would allow adhesions to form.
Inflammation, not related to surgery, can also give rise to the potential of abdominal adhesions. These inflammations would include a ruptured appendix, radiation treatments, and infections in the abdomen or any of it’s organs.
They can be quite serious and you should always call your doctor if you experience severe pain, nausea or vomiting, swelling, and an inability to pass gas or have a bowel movement.